The Project P627A design armed with nuclear cruise missile system P-20 was developed in 1956–1957 but not finished, equipment and mechanisms were used for building the usual attack submarine of project 627A (submarine K-50). The submarines crossed the Barents Sea, the Norwegian Sea, the whole Atlantic Ocean, entered the Pacific Ocean and finished the voyage at Kamchatka. The Nautilus’s reactor allowed it operate underwater for months at a time, compared to the hours or days afforded conventional submarines. Launched 31 May 1959. K-42 was deemed so badly contaminated that it, too, had to be decommissioned.  She lied up in Gremikha Bay as of May 2000 waiting utilization. Submarines Your questions answered SPECIAL REPORT. The first successful search and relatively long tracking of a "probable enemy" by Novembers was performed in the Atlantic Ocean in 1966, when K-181 tailed USS Saratoga (CV-60) for four days. 8 533 mm bow torpedo tubes (20 torpedoes SET-65 or 53-65K). Holland: 1: 1896: 1900: 5 others were made; only Holland (SS-1) entered the U.S. Navy as it was the first officially commissioned submarine purchased on 11 April 1900. However, as these capabilities emerged in the mid-1950s, the Project 627 design was revised to reflect an antiship role, with eight torpedo tubes located in the bow and combat systems taken from Foxtrot-class diesel submarines. It could have been a death sentence to serve on this sub. The November class were double-hulled submarines with streamlined stern fins and nine compartments (I – bow torpedo, II – living and battery, III – central station, IV – diesel-generator, V – reactor, VI – turbine, VII – electromechanic, VIII – living, IX – stern). The Project 627 (Russian – проект 627 "Кит" (Whale), NATO – November) class submarine was the Soviet Union's first class of nuclear-powered submarines. Novembers detected submarine targets during active service (for example, there were 42 detections in 1965 when regular cruises of Soviet nuclear-powered submarines began). The submarine was modernized between November 1971 – September 1973 and given to 17th submarine division of 11th submarine flotilla based in Gremikha in 1975. The submarine performed a number of cruises including participation in naval exercise "Ograda" (Protective fence) during 4 March 1965 – 4 April 1965, patrol mission in North Atlantic in July 1965, two patrol missions (161 days) in 1969–1973, one patrol mission in 1978 (51 days), one patrol mission in December 1983 – January 1984. November Class Submarine. In 1968, another November-class boat proved capable of matching pace with the carrier USS Enterprise while the latter moved at full power, causing a minor panic in the Navy leadership that led to the adoption of the speedy Los Angeles–class attack submarine, some of which remain in service today. MG-200 "Arktika-M" sonar system for target detection, "Svet" detection of hydroacoustic signals and underwater sonar communication sonar system, "MG-10" hydrophone station (project 627 submarines had "Mars-16KP"), "Luch" sonar system for detection of underwater obstacles , "Prizma detection radar for surface targets and torpedo control , "Nakat-M" reconnaissance radar . He surfaced the submarine and rescued the commander and second-in-command who organized damage control). The Encyclopedia Of Warships, From World War 2 To The Present Day, General Editor Robert Jackson. K-3, the first Soviet submarine to sail on nuclear power, was on a Mediterranean patrol on September 8, 1967, when a hydraulic fire broke out in its torpedo tubes, with the resulting buildup of carbon monoxide killing thirty-nine sailors. Nevertheless, not even the then-new American Thresher class low-noise attack submarines could provide continuous tracking of first generation Soviet nuclear-powered submarines. Reflecting this change of mission, the final design of Project 627 was developed with eight 533 mm torpedo tubes instead of the initial plan for one 1,550 mm and two 533 mm torpedo tubes. Later named "Leninskiy Komsomol". The November class attack submarines were considerably noisier than diesel submarines and the early American nuclear-powered submarines, despite the streamlined torpedo-like hull, limited number of holes in the hull, special low-noise variable-pitch propellers, vibration dampening of main equipment, and antisonar coating of the hull (used for the first time on nuclear-powered submarines). In 1962, it became the first Soviet vessel to travel to the North Pole, while a sister ship, K-133, was the first submarine to traverse the Drake Strait submerged in a twenty-one-thousand-mile cruise that lasted fifty-two days. At the time, the Soviet Union lacked the long-range missiles or bombers that could easily hit most of the continental United States. K-14 was laid down on 2 September 1958, launched on 16 August 1959, and commissioned 30 December 1959. The 'NOVEMBERs' were the first Soviet SSNs, contemporaries of the 'ECHO' class SSGN and 'HOTEL' class SSBN. In February 1965, radioactive steam blasted through K-11 on two separate occasions while it underwent refueling at base. There was a serious accident on board K-3 on 8 September 1967. Contract for first two Columbia class submarines for US Navy. K-8 was a November-class submarine of the Soviet Northern Fleet that sank in the Bay of Biscay with her nuclear weapons on board on April 12, 1970. Decommissioned in 1987. A lack of radiation shielding resulted in frequent crew illness, and many of the boat suffered multiple reactor malfunctions over their lifetimes. Peregudov and the research supervisor was academician A.P. K-11 performed five patrol missions in 1968–1970 (305 days). 402 in Severodvinsk: Operators: The uncontrolled reactor with unclear position of its cover remained unwatched during 4 hours when a fire occurred. She was decommissioned from the operational order of battle on 19 April 1990 and stored at Gremikha Bay. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) used the standard radio communication phonetic alphabet to denote submarine classes. The Collins-class is a series of six Australian-built diesel-electric powered submarines in service with the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Flimsy pontoons were welded onto K-159 to enable its towing to a scrapping site, but on August 30 a sea squall ripped away one of the pontoons, causing the boat to begin foundering around midnight. The main visual differences of project 627A were a bow sonar dome in the keel and a hydrophone antenna over the torpedo tubes. Gulyaev was awarded with the Hero of the Soviet Union for mission success and record of submarine continuous underwater stay. Nonetheless, the 627s still dealt the U.S. Navy a few surprises. This was the first loss of a Soviet nuclear-powered submarine. However, the 627 lacked another quality generally expected of a nuclear submarine: the reactors were extremely noisy, making the Project 627 boats easy to detect despite the use of stealthy propellers and the first anti-sonar coating applied to a nuclear submarine. The November class were twin-hulled submarines with streamlined stern fins and nine compartments (I – bow torpedo, II – living and battery, III – central station, IV – diesel-generator, V – reactor, VI – turbine, VII – electromechanic, VIII – living, IX – stern). The large, torpedo-shaped vessel displaced more than four thousand tons submerged and was 107 meters long. November 2012 HMCS Windsor’s EDWP maintenance was completed at the Fleet Maintenance Facility (FMF) Cape Scott in Halifax, Nova Scotia. by ROBERT FARLEY. In fact, the frequent, catastrophic disasters onboard the Project 627 boats seem almost like gruesome public service announcements for everything that could conceivably go wrong with nuclear submarines.  The Soviet hydroacoustic equipment on the Novembers was not intended for submarine hunting, and had relatively limited capabilities. Leonov skillfully disengaged. K-11 entered service with the Northern Fleet (given to 3rd division of nuclear submarines which was a part of 1st submarine flotilla, based in Malaya Lopatka of Zapadnaya Litsa Fjord) on 28 November 1961. K-3 rapidly demonstrated the extraordinary endurance of nuclear submarines, embarking upon two-month long cruises while submerged. They also provided painful lessons, paid in human lives lost or irreparably injured, in the risks inherent to exploiting nuclear power, and in the high price to be paid for technical errors and lax safety procedures. Purpose was to protect wooden ships against ironclads. K-50 was renamed as K-60 in 1982. The submarine performed 9 cruises in 1960 (passed 1,997 miles up-top and 11,430 miles submerged), including patrol mission in Atlantic Ocean. They also provided painful lessons, paid in human lives lost or irreparably injured, in the risks inherent to exploiting nuclear power, and in the high price to be paid for technical errors and lax safety procedures. november class submarine in Chinese : n级核潜艇…. There were also three small incidents with K-8 whilst on patrol before (breakdowns of steam generators in 1960–1961). In August 1985, K-42 was berthed next to the Echo-class submarine K-433 near Vladivostok when the latter suffered a nuclear refueling accident that killed ten and irradiated 239. Late in the 1950s, the Soviet Navy’s nuclear-powered submarines—starting with the November-class attack submarine—could dive twice as deep … Repair of K-27 ultimately proved too expensive a proposition, so it was scuttled by ramming in Stepovoy Bay in waters only thirty-three meters deep—rather than the three to four thousand meters required by the IAEA. 10 (SRZ-10) in Polyarny for further scrapping. Osipenko (future admiral and Hero of the Soviet Union). Prime Cart. The submarine performed 4 patrol missions in 1976–1980 (200 days total) and combat training cruises in 1986–1989. In April 2010, Wired $2agazine published an article on the survey of the sunken submarine conducted by the UK company ADUS Ltd. The article was accompanied by high resolution multibeam sonar images of the wreck. Ignatov were awarded with the Hero of the Soviet Union for that Arctic cruise. See more ideas about submarine, submarines, warship. Its double-hulled interior was divided into nine compartments, housing a crew of seventy-four seamen and thirty officers. Submarine of project 645 had two liquid metal-cooled reactors VT-1 73 MW each and two more powerful turbine-type generators ATG-610 1,600 kW each, no diesel generators. First underway on nuclear power 4 June 1958. The November class served in the Soviet Navy with the Northern Fleet (in 3rd submarine division, later in 17th submarine division). Skip to main content.ca Hello, Sign in. Decommissioned submarine K-159 (renamed as B-159 in 1989) in Gremikha Bay of Barents Sea, 28 August 2003 – ready for towing to the shipyard for scrapping. K-133 together with K-116 (Project 675 submarine) for the first time in the world performed submerged voyage from the Northern Fleet to the Pacific Ocean Fleet via Drake Strait under the general command of Rear Admiral A. Sorokin. The repair crews misdiagnosed the implications of the first event and followed incorrect procedures during the second, and were ultimately forced to evacuate the reactor room, leading to fires breaking out across the ship. November 2020 Submarines Your questions answered SPECIAL REPORT. International donors fronted $200 million to scrap the hulks in 2003. A fire on April 8 had disabled the submarine and it was being towed in rough seas. Other articles where November is discussed: submarine: Nuclear propulsion: …first nuclear submarines, of the November class, entered service in 1958. K-14, which would distinguish itself in the medical evacuation of an Arctic expedition in 1963, also experienced a reactor breakdown in 1961, necessitating its replacement the following years. Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders. K-14 performed 3 patrol missions (135 days) in 1973–1975, participated in training cruises in 1979–1982. The Soviet crew flooded the vessel with 250 tons of water to put out the flames, spreading radioactive water throughout the entire vessel. This was the first repair and overhaul program performed on a Victoria-class submarine by industry. K-27 was laid down on 15 June 1958 and launched on 1 April 1962. She was laid up in Gremikha as of 2000. On 7 February 1965 the ejection of radioactive steam took place during the lift of a reactor cover. This lack of reliability may explain why the Soviet Union dispatched conventional Foxtrot submarines instead of the November-class vessels during the Cuban Missile Crisis, despite the fact that the diesel boats needed to surface every few days, and for this reason were cornered and chased away by patrolling American ships. The Republic of … two water-cooled reactors VM-A 70 MW each with steam generators, two turbogear assemblies 60-D (35,000 hp total), two turbine-type generators GPM-21 1,400 kW each, two diesel generators DG-400 460 hp each, two auxiliary electric motors PG-116 450 hp each, two shafts. The emergency was accompanied by gamma activity excursion in the reactor compartment (up to 150 R/hour and higher) and spread of radioactive gas along the other compartments. A 'NOVEMBER' class (Project 627 "Kit") attack submarine. Laid down 9 September 1957. The entire crew of 124 was irradiated by radioactive gas, but Captain Leonov refused to take emergency measures until hours later due to his faith in the reactor. Was located next to K-431 during the nuclear fuel accident during 10 August 1985. The submarine was decommissioned on 1 February 1979 and her reactor compartment was filled with special solidifying mixture of furfurol and bitumen in summer 1981 (the work was performed by Severodvinsk shipyard No. Captain of K-14 captain 1st rank D.N. There are plans to convert the first submarine of the class (K-3) into a museum ship in St. Petersburg, but the hulk of submarine remains in Polyarny due to economic reasons and the environmental concerns of some ecological organizations. K-14 was given to 10th submarine division (based in Krasheninnikov Bay) which was a part of 15th submarine squadron of the Red Banner Pacific Fleet.