fennel vs anise

But anise and fennel are two different plants and the botanical name of anise is Pimpinellaanisum whereas the botanical name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare. The main difference between the two, is that fennel is more so considered to be a vegetable, while anise is a spice – this is because more of the fennel plant is edible than the anise plant. Anise is attacked by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species (butterflies and moths), including the lime-speck pug and wormwood pug. Ono M, Ito Y, Kinjo J, Yahara S, Nohara T and Niiho Y., Chemical and pharmaceutical bulletin, 1995, vol. Anise plant is also attacked by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species comprising the anise swallowtail and the mouse moth. It is a perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. This is one of the most important spices in Indian and Sri Lankan cooking. Spices are primarily cultivated for the edible leaves, stems, barks, flowers, or fruit components, and they are essential flavoring agents mainly in South Asians diet. Fennel has been used as medicine for thousands of years. Fennel: The bulb, foliage, and seeds of the fennel plant are used in many food dishes preparations. Use it where fennel bulb is called for. All parts of the fennel plant, including the roots, stems, leaves and seeds, are edible. Also, it is used to extract essential oil production. Anise has a sweeter taste and fennel has a little more delicate and woodier taste. It is erect and develops to heights of up to 2.5 m, with hollow stems. It is considered as a highly aromatic and flavorful herb with cooking and medicinal uses. Blamey, M. and Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). They are also related to licorice, tarragon, carrots, celery, and hemlock, the last of which is extremely poisonous. Both anise and fennel belong to the Apiaceae family. As we said, both contain anethole, which according to Wikipedia, “is distinctly sweet as well as having its flavoring properties, and is measured to be 13 times sweeter than sugar. I wanted to try roast fennel and bean dip but what I thought was fennel was labeled anise in multiple stores, including a specialty fruit and vegetable market. Fennel vs. Anise Both of these plants have a black licorice flavor and contain the essential oil anethole in their seeds, and yet they are different entities. This is the key difference between fennel and anise. Anise is sweet, mildly spicy, and very aromatic. REVIEWHO.COM, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. In conclusion, both anise and fennel are essential culinary spices, and both have a lot of similar sensory features. That bulb with stalks and frondlike leaves resembling fresh dill is bulb fennel, not anise. Fennel seed comes from a bulb that can be eaten as a vegetable or used as an herb, while anise seed comes from comes from a bush with no other parts that are used for … Anise : Anise is more pungent and lends a heavier flavor that goes well in Indian dishes and Chinese Five Spice Powder. Star anise, in addition to being used in Chinese and Vietnamese cooking, also features in Indian cuisine. Licorice is the great “harmonizer” in many Chinese herbal formulas. One of the differences that come up in anise versus fennel comparison, is that the anise is sweeter and more delicate. Anise is a totally different plant whose seeds are used for flavoring. Fennel is the mildest of the three and works best in foods where the licorice flavor will support other flavors, rather than being the dominant one. The plant, sometimes called Florence fennel, has the texture of celery but a slightly licorice-like flavor. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Difference Between White and Black Pepper, Difference Between Balsamic Vinegar and White Vinegar, Difference Between Paprika and Sweet Paprika, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Galaxy Ace and Motorola Defy, Difference Between Kindle Fire and Nook Tablet, Difference Between 5 HTP Tryptophan and L-Tryptophan, Difference Between N Glycosylation and O Glycosylation, Difference Between Epoxy and Fiberglass Resin. Licorice. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. This article explores those differences between fennel and anise. Because of its sweet taste, anise is found primarily in liqueurs, baked goods ,and candies. Both anise and licorice taste of the flavor licorice as they both contain the … Anise vs Licorice – Just Why Do They Taste the Same? The base of its long stalks weave together to form a thick, crisp bulb that grows above ground. Foeniculum vulgare fennel is mainly grown for its oil and seeds, whereas Foeniculum vulgare dulce is also grown for its edible bulb, apart from oil and seeds. The round bulb is female and sweeter than the long, thick stalks of the male plant. As mentioned, many cooks use them fairly interchangeably, but there really is a difference in taste when it comes to fennel vs. anise.Anise seed is the more pungent of the two. The plants produce numerous seeds on umbrella-shaped structures called umbels. Philip R. Ashurst (1999). It is used for cooking various dishes and flavored tea production. Young tender leaves are used for garnishing or to add flavor to salads. p. 33. The chemistry in fennel makes it a better choice to facilitate birthing or enhance lactation. This is the key difference between fennel and anise. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } 1. Anise grows smaller than fennel, about 18 inches tall. Both plants are related to licorice, tarragon, carrots, celery, caraway, and others. Read More Anise, also known as aniseed is a flowering plant in the carrot family. Anise has the scientific name, Pimplinella anisum. Fennel vs. Anise – What are the Differences? Initially, they are brown or green and slowly converting a dull gray as the seed ages. It is often used in Chinese five spice powder and Indian panch phoran and imparts a heavier licorice flavor than fennel. Coming from Engineering cum Human Resource Development background, has over 10 years experience in content developmet and management. Anise, native to Greece and Egypt, has the botanical name Pimpinella anisum. In addition to the fact that they share a similar flavor, what often creates confusion among these two plants/foods is … Its flavor has similarities with fennel and licorice. Also, anise is considered a spice and fennel is considered a vegetable. Fennel and anise also belong to this spice group, and they share a similar taste profile as well as both plants have similar features. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Anise is considered as a highly aromatic and flavorful herb with cooking and medicinal uses. Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. There is Sweet Fennel, Wild Fennel, Bronze Fennel and Bulb or Florence Fennel-also known as Finnochio. Fennel is a flowering plant species which belongs to the carrot family. Fennel, star anise and anise seed all contain anethole, an aromatic compound that’s believed to fight off cancer, inflammation and diabetes. The entire plant of fennel is edible whereas it is typically the seeds from the anise plant that are edible. Fennel. Fennel seed is two or three times larger and paler. Anise is an annual herbal plant, and the seed is the edible component. Anise originated in the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia. S. Pruthi: Spices and Condiments, New Delhi: National Book Trust (1976), p. 19. These fennels can grow from two to five feet tall. Anise is stronger and most often used in baked goods and in liqueurs (e.g., Sambuca). Fennel is attacked by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the mouse moth and the anise swallowtail. It is said to taste like a mixture of fennel and star anise. As a result, fennel is often referred to as anise or vice versa by most consumers. Fennel has edible leaves and stalks, while anise doesn't. Still, anise has an … The seeds from star anise also give a very similar flavor to the anise, but it is not a part of the Apiaceae family but rather the Illiciaceae family. It is native to the Mediterranean countries but has become extensively naturalized in many parts of the world, particularly on dry soils close to the coastal areas and on river banks. They both are used for their licorice flavor, which comes from the essential oil called anethole found in their seeds. Many of the similarities between anise and fennel are present because these plants are in the same family. Anise Seed (or aniseed where I come from) is smaller, darker and gives a more immediate anise hit, but it fades quickly. A number of different plants go by the name “fennel.” All types of fennel plants have an anise-like fragrance and tall, feathery leaves, which look something like a dill plant. It is a sweet, aromatic, diuretic herb that relieves digestive problems, increases milk flow, relaxes spasms and reduces inflammation. But not the same essential culinary spices, and the mouse moth is said to taste a! 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