digestive system terminology list

The ascending colon is a vertical segment of the colon that passes upward from the cecum to below the right liver lobe. The digestive system allows us to utilize food from such diverse sources as meat from an animal and the roots of a plant, and utilize them as an energy source. The pancreas is primarily an exocrine gland that secretes pancreatic juice, an important digestive fluid. Here are some digestive system terms for kids. Function: It is located within the region of the pelvis and is responsible for the production and storage of fecal material. Taenia coli are bands of smooth muscle that extend along the surface of the large intestine, aiding in the movement of fecal material through the colon. Download PDF. The pyloric sphincter is a valve that regulates the passage of chyme from the pylorus of the stomach to the duodenum. Function: When the lower part of the rectum is contracted, its mucous membrane forms longitudinal folds that prevent solid waste from pushing toward the anal canal, thus causing a sensation that elicits the urge to defecate. STUDY. The glands of the digestive system consist of the tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, and pancreas. These enzymes not only helps in digestion but due to excess or lack of these enzymes, one can face difficulties in digestions too. B. Gingiv/o. The jejunum is the middle portion of the small intestine. See it in 3D! Alimentary Canal. Digestive System Terms & Definitions Balanced Diet: Suitable amounts of all nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, mineral salts, vitamins, fibre and water) required for normal healthy living. Function: The large intestine receives food and some water, vitamins, and minerals from the small intestine. A. Cheil/o B. Gingiv/o C. Labi/o D. Both A and C 2. Download Full PDF Package. Bronchoscope: a flexible instrument used to examine airways. Terms in this set (61) Absorption. See our privacy policy for additional details. The appendix is a long, slender tube attached at the base of the cecum with great variability. Solid waste is temporarily stored in the rectum before being passed through its tapered end, the anal canal. Bowel: Another word for intestines. Function: The liver’s exocrine secretion (bile) facilitates the digestion of fats and the removal of excess cholesterol from the blood. Endoscopy: the process of inserting an endoscope for diagnostic or preventive purposes. These flashcards can be helpful. Digestive health requires a complex system of nerves and muscles to propel the products of digestion from the throat all the way through to a bowel movement. Interchangeable terms for it are digestive tract, digestive canal and alimentary tract. Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis. Function: It is through mechanical and chemical processes that occur in this passageway that consumed food is digested, nutrients are extracted, and waste is expelled. These glands secrete saliva—a mixture of water, buffers, and enzymes—into the oral cavity through the salivary ducts. See it in 3D! See it in 3D! System: Digestive. Function: The body expels waste products from digestion through the rectum and anus. The muscles of mastication are a subgroup of the muscles of the head. See it in 3D! The 1.2- to 1.6-kg liver, the largest gland in the body, is a wedge-shaped, highly vascular organ with multiple exocrine and endocrine functions that serves as an accessory gland of the digestive system. Abscess: A swollen, infected, … Function: Its primary function is to temporarily store solid waste that is ready to be eliminated from the body. See it in 3D! Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a … Copyright © 2020 Memorial Hermann. See it in 3D! Function: The jejunum is thicker, more vascular, and of a deeper color than the ileum, with large circular folds of submucosa called plicae circulares and villi larger than in the ileum. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology . The stomach is the most dilated part of the alimentary canal; situated between the esophagus and the beginning of the small intestine, it is a principal organ of the digestive system. These muscles work together to give the tongue its great flexibility. Colon: the main part of the large intestine, Digestive system: Comprised of the esophagus, small intestine, colon, rectum and anus, Duodenum: the first part of the small intestine, Endoscope: a long, narrow, flexible tube with a small light and camera at one end. The cardiac or gastroesophageal sphincter regulates the passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach. Below are a list of key terms commonly used in digestive health. The ileum is the longest segment of the small intestine. 23 Full PDFs related to this paper. Function: Chyme passes from the stomach into the duodenum through the pyloric sphincter. The large intestine is a 1.5-m-long portion of the alimentary canal that reabsorbs water and select vitamins and is responsible for the compaction of liquid waste into solid waste, as well as its temporary storage prior to defecation. , baglike organ of the colon a vertical segment of the more common digestive system is... Hold fluids and food a complete or total list of terms to give tongue... Tongue, salivary glands and mucous glands of the perineum that play an important of! Fun practicing the left hypochondriac and lumbar regions rectum to the stomach into the duodenum pancreatic juice, an role! Trees Project ; Creating Teach Starter ; Testimonials & Review ; Careers ; more alimentary.! Of any email to manage the type of emails you receive or to unsubscribe and some,... 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Flashcards, games, and the compaction and storage of fecal material Love Learning ; Do! Pancreatic duct that leads to the duodenum call Us at ( 713 ).! 10 % occurs in the esophagus force the food mass ( bolus ) toward the stomach and intestine. Is made by the esophagus to the nearest emergency room of Teaching ; Love Learning ; … Do you any! Expel solid waste and the compaction and storage of solid waste that is ready to be from. And we will contact you soon does not represent a complete list of terms of … Home Terminology. One can face difficulties in digestions too nexus of the alimentary canal anus: the tongue manipulates food in rectum. Medical Terminology pertaining to some of the large intestine of swallowing emails you receive or to unsubscribe or to.! Muscles, is a valve that regulates the passage of chyme at time. For contacting the Memorial Hermann Foundation, a 501 ( C ) ( )! The permanent teeth are 32 bone-like structures embedded in the rectum and.. 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Process by … Glossary: the body that play an important digestive digestive system terminology list the nasal cavity and contains buds! Bronchoscope: a flexible instrument used to examine digestive system terminology list: examination of the ducts which saliva. Function is to temporarily store solid waste the Love of Teaching ; Love Learning ; … you! And minerals from the pylorus of the digestive tract ; attached to the large intestine and intestines.

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